The Balkans since 1453


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Added to basket. The Europeans. Orlando Figes. The Shortest History of Germany. James Hawes. Last Witnesses. Svetlana Alexievich. Paddy Ashdown. Brendan Simms. Shadowplay: Behind the Lines and Under Fire. Tim Marshall. Mary Beard. Travellers in the Third Reich. Julia Boyd. In the Shadow of Vesuvius. Daisy Dunn. Big Week. James Holland. The Cut Out Girl. Bart van Es. The Balkans Since Paperback L.

Stavrianos author , Traian Stoianovich author of introduction Sign in to write a review. Publisher out of stock Currently unavailable to order.

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This item has been added to your basket View basket Checkout. This work aims to synthesize literature on Balkan topics since World War I, and demonstrate the importance of Balkan history by examining it in the context of European and world history. It uses imperial and local approaches, providing national histories as well as contextualising the subject.

It is a pleasure to see the reissue of L. Stavrianos' The Balkans Since This monumental book, first published in , has served as an eminently useful corrective against all sorts of imbalance and partiality, that have hindered the study of the subject, [and entirely deserves the praise lavished on it over the past 40 years].

It remains to this day a towering achievement, and a masterly work of synthesis. Its reappearance in the bookshops was long overdue, and the publisher deserves credit not least for offering a nicely produced paperback edition. Not only was it the principal work of synthesis for several decades--in a field which sorely lacked synthesis--but more significantly, it was, and remains, of considerable value because of its extensive coverage, clear organization, depth of analysis and readability.

The Balkans Since has not only stood the test of time but remains the defining general work in the study of Balkan civilization. Added to basket. Mary Beard.

BALKAN SOCIETY BEFORE THE OTTOMAN CONQUEST (1453)

The Diary of a Young Girl. Anne Frank. Last Witnesses. Svetlana Alexievich. Learning from the Germans.

Susan Neiman. Balkan Crisis and the Treaty of Berlin: Making of Bulgaria: 1 8 7 8 -1 9 1 4 Dynamics of Bulgarian Unification tion of Alexander: Bulgaria under Development to Albanian Awakening to Diplom atic D evelopm ents: 1 8 7 8 -1 9 1 4. Rumania: C lem ent Basilica St. C atherine painted on glass C athedral of Z adar Basilica of St.

I have, there fore, eschewed the conventions of m odern transliteration systems which, how ever logical in themselves, give to the nonspecialist an entirely false im pression of the sounds they are intended to convey. Likewise I have followed com m on usage rather than consistency in choosing between the original or Anglicized form s of personal names.

N ikola Pashich, for exam ple, has appeared frequently enough to be preferable to N icholas Pashich, w hereas King G eorge obviously is m ore appropriate than the original G eorgios. In short, I have tried to follow com m on-sense p ro cedures in the hope of being helpful to the reader. Closely related to the problem of spelling is that of the choice of place nam es. Zagreb obviously should be referred to as Zagreb rather than as A gram , its G erm an nam e.

Y et the term A gram T rial will be found on sev eral occasions in the text. T he reason is th at the use of the term Zagreb T rial in place of the A gram T rial of , appeared to be as incongruous as the use of the term F all of Istanbul would be for the Fall of C onstanti nople in T he lack of uniform ity may prove grating for some readers, b u t it should not be difficult to deduce from the text and the m aps that A gram is Zagreb, th at C onstantinople is Istanbul, and that likewise A drianople, O skub, and D edeagach are know n today as E dirne, Skoplje, and A lexandroupolis, respectively.

H e m ay unexpectedly pass by an old R om an bath or walk along a R om an road. He may stop to adm ire the medieval frescoes in a Byzantine church or the graceful m inarets of a M oslem m osque. O n the D alam atian coast he might drive along roads built by N apoleon Bonaparte. If he passes through Split or Spalato the dual nam e reflects the tow ns Slavic-Italian heritag e , he will see the rem ains of E m p ero r D iocletians palace, still form ing the center of the town, with alleyways and streets cut through the palace room s betw een slen der colum ns of vaulted arches.

In G reece he can see the classical tem ples of A thens, the F rankish castles of the Peloponnesus and the crum bling V ene tian fortifications of C orfu and Crete. Everyw here in the B alkans the past jostles the present a present sym bolized by m odern office buildings in the capital cities and by hundreds of thousands of peasant huts in the countryside.

Jutting southw ard into the eastern M editerranean, it constitutes an integral p a rt of E urope. Y et at the sam e tim e it faces A sia across the narrow A egean Sea, and its southern capes stretch dow n tow ard the coast of A frica. T his location at the crossroads of three continents gains added significance because of the peninsulas unusual accessibility.

In this it differs from its tw o sister peninsulas in the M editer ranean. T he Pyrenees effectively separate the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of E urope, and the A lps likewise shut off the Italian Peninsula. In contrast, the D anube R iver is not a b arrier b u t rath er a link betw een the B alkans and C entral Europe. It is a broad highway over which Slavs and G oths and H uns. Likewise to the west a m ere fifty miles separate the heel of the Italian boot from the coast of A lbania.

In the south the island of Crete serves as a natu ral steppingstone betw een G reece and Egypt.

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A nd to the east, the islandstudded A egean has been easily crossed in both directions by colonists and invaders on countless occasions since the days of Troy. This central location of the peninsula explains why it has been tra d i tionally a bridge o r a battleground of em pires and cultures. The ancient G reeks who developed the first great center of civilization in the peninsula ow ed m uch to their proxim ity to the Nile and T igris-E uphrates valleys.

Balkan War 1453

W hen the R om an E m pire was divided in a. This line corresponded closely to th at which divided the C atholic world from the O rthodox when the C hristian church split in the m edieval period. Likewise w hen the conquering T urks w ere finally stopped at V ienna in the sixteenth century the frontier between the C ross and the Crescent again followed the old furrow.

W ith the rise in m odern tim es of the R ussian land em pire and the British sea em pire, the peninsula was again a zone of conflict throughout the nineteenth century. A nd today, with the division of the world following W orld W ar II, the B alkans once m ore are a battleground betw een E ast and West. T hus the location of the peninsula has in large p a rt determ ined its history from the earliest times to the present. An air plane traveler m ay view in close succession fertile valleys, barren lim estone wastes, level steppes, inaccessible m ountain forests, Norwegian-like fiords, and hundreds of islands, large and small, set in the blue A egean and A driatic seas.

T he prevailing im pression, however, will be of the overwhelming pre dom inance of m ountains. In fact, the nam e B alkan is derived from the T urkish w ord for m ountain.

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U nlike the Italian Peninsula with its relatively simple arrangem ent of the Alps in the north and the A pennines running the length of the boot, the B alkan Peninsula is crisscrossed w ith m ountain ranges running in all di rections. If we disregard the com plexities of geologic origins and local terrain, the m ain features of B alkan topography stand out clearly and simply. In the far n orth the C arpathian M ountains swing around in a great curve, with the D anube R iver breaking through at the Iron G ate, a narrow gorge a t the w estern apex of the curve.

G eographers usually consider the D anube as the north ern lim it of the B alkan Peninsula.


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F rom the physi ographic view point this is understandable, but for the historian it is unsatis factory because it excludes the trans-D anubian R um anian lands whose de velopm ent has been p art and parcel of general B alkan history. Accordingly we will consider the dividing line betw een the peninsula and the rest of. E urope to run the length of the Sava R iver to its junction with the D anube at Belgrade, then dow n the D anube from Belgrade to the Iron G ate, and finally around the C arpathians to the R ussian frontier to the northeast.

This line should not be taken too literally.

The Balkans since 1453 The Balkans since 1453
The Balkans since 1453 The Balkans since 1453
The Balkans since 1453 The Balkans since 1453
The Balkans since 1453 The Balkans since 1453
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