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Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. He set sail from Corfu on 19 September and although he planned to proceed directly to Saint Petersburg, stormy weather forced him to take refuge in the Tagus River and cast anchor in Lisbon on 30 October.
Senyavin, caught between two warring powers, proceeded to distinguish himself as a diplomat. He declared himself neutral and managed to save his ships from destruction. Senyavin's seven ships of the line and one frigate were left face to face with 15 British ships of the line and 10 frigates. Senyavin maintained his neutrality, threatening to blow up the ships and set Lisbon ablaze in case of attack. At last he signed a convention with Admiral Sir Charles Cotton , whereby the Royal Navy was to escort the Russian squadron to London, with the Russians still flying their flags.
Moreover, Senyavin was to assume supreme command of the joint Anglo-Russian fleet as the senior officer of the two. Two Russian ships Rafail and Yaroslav were left in Lisbon for repairs. On 31 August Senyavin's squadron left Portugal for Portsmouth. On 27 September the Admiralty was informed that enemy vessels had cast anchor in the British harbour, with their flags streaming, as if in times of peace. The British detained the Russian fleet in Portsmouth under various pretexts until winter weather made their return to the Baltic impossible.
The British insisted that Senyavin squadron should sail to Arkhangelsk, else they would be intercepted by the Swedish fleet. In , the departure was further delayed by the disastrous Walcheren Expedition. Finally, on 5 August the nearly-starved Russian fleet was allowed to leave Portsmouth for Riga, where they arrived on 9 September Russia also invaded Sweden , then a close ally to Great Britain, in But it was unlikely related to Britain and the Treaty, as the two countries already were at odds at the time.
British men-of-war supported the Swedish fleet during the Finnish War and had victories over the Russians in the Gulf of Finland in July and August They chased two Russian frigates on the 19th and joined the Swedes the following day. On 22 August, the Russian fleet, consisting of nine ships of the line, five large frigates and six smaller ones, moved from Hanko to threaten the Swedes.
The Russians and the Anglo-Swedish force were fairly evenly matched, but the Russians retreated and the Allied ships followed them. Centaur and Implacable were better vessels than the Swedish ships and slowly pulled ahead, with Implacable catching up with a Russian straggler, the gun Vsevolod also Sewolod , under Captain Rudnew or Roodneff. Eventually, and after heavy casualties, Vsevolod struck.
They then blockaded Khanykov's squadron for some months. After the British and the Swedes abandoned the blockade, the Russian fleet was able to return to Kronstadt. Motorcycles: general interest. Language phrasebooks. Adventure holidays. Business travel. Eco-tourist guides. Travel maps.
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